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Battle of New Orleans is fought, Jan. 8, - POLITICO

Select Text Level: Educator Family. The treaty that ended the War of , the Treaty of Ghent, had actually been signed a week earlier, but slow communication s prevent ed combatant s in Louisiana from knowing this. The British had nearly 8, well-trained soldier s, sailors, and marines. Jackson had fewer than 5, troops—most of them volunteers. These volunteers included free black s, Native American s, and rifle men from rural area s of Tennessee and Kentucky. Against the odds, Jackson and his inexperienced troops drove the British from New Orleans.

The Battle of New Orleans

Although the battle had no impact on the war, the victory was a boost to American morale. British and Canadian troops had won decisive victories in the war, including burning the White House just five months earlier. The Battle of New Orleans made Jackson the most popular politician in the country. He was elect ed president in Gulf Coast. Native American. Philip Street. Almost years ago, in , the Ursuline nuns arrived in New Orleans at the invitation of Governor Bienville. While awaiting the completion of their convent in , the Ursuline nuns established a school and an orphanage.


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The Ursuline Order…. Charles, one of the defenses built in during the Spanish period.

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Fort St. Charles was the largest of five fortifications surrounding the city. The Battle of New Orleans 8 January has the unique distinction of being the last major battle of the War of ; it took place after the war was officially over. With the defeat of Napoleon in Europe, Britain could stop fighting a two-front war against both revolutionary France and the United States, and began to consolidate its forces in North America to deliver critical blows from both land and sea to the American forces in late Sadly for the British, their ambition was forestalled by American gumption and a series of critical failures that prevented their amassed numbers from securing victory.

Britain's goal was to capture New Orleans, Louisiana, with its vast stores of sugar and cotton, and prevent the US from using the Mississippi River to flow goods and soldiers. On 10 December, Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane's fleet landed on the east bank of the Mississippi, defeating the small flotilla of American gunboats protecting the mouth of the river and under the command of Lieutenant Thomas ap Catesby Jones at the Battle of Lake Borgne.

The British advance guard was men strong, but could not press the attack until the arrival of their commander, Sir Edward Pakenham , who arrived late due to adverse winds and thus perhaps sealed the fate of the campaign through no fault of his own. Jones's courage in the face of British superiority in numbers earned him praise and bought time for the defenses of New Orleans to be secured. If they had pressed their advance on the 24th, the British would have found New Orleans' defences in shambles.

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American general and future president Andrew Jackson had not yet solidified his defences, but on Christmas day, when Pakenham arrived to lead his troops toward battle, Jackson secured his structures and prepared for an attack. Constructed by soldiers and African slaves, Jackson's hastily made breastwork of sugar barrels, earth and a ditch that stretched out to an impassible swamp gave his men a strong defensive position to repel the British, which Jackson thought numbered somewhere near 25 strong.

Artillery was mounted to protect the earthwork. The Americans dug in their heels and prepared for the worst as Pakenham arrived to command the British. Pakenham was a professional soldier with a distinguished career who had seen service in North Ireland, North America and in the Peninsular War against the occupying forces of Napoleon. Pakenham arrived to command a difficult position. There had been a costly skirmish, and it was followed by a costly reconnaissance.

The Battle of New Orleans

Cochrane's forces had brought artillery at great expense and haste, but their fire could not hit the breastwork from any safe distance and they were soon destroyed by American artillery fire. With regulars and Black soldiers from two West India Regiments, Pakenham refused to admit defeat and attempted a feint against Jackson's defences on 8 January , while Colonel William Thornton of the 85th regiment crossed the river with regulars to attempt to outflank the American position.


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Jackson defended his position with roughly men. Things went poorly for the British from the start.