In Luke, all the resurrection appearances take place in and around Jerusalem; moreover, they are all recounted as having taken place on Easter Sunday. A consistent theme throughout the narrative is that the suffering, death, and resurrection of Jesus were accomplished in fulfillment of Old Testament promises and of Jewish hopes Lk a , 21 , 26 — 27 , 44 , In his second volume, Acts, Luke will argue that Christianity is the fulfillment of the hopes of Pharisaic Judaism and its logical development see Acts — The initial reaction to the testimony of the women is disbelief Lk The references to the quotations of scripture and explanation of it Lk — 27 , the kerygmatic proclamation Lk , and the liturgical gesture Lk suggest that the episode is primarily catechetical and liturgical rather than apologetic.
The Raising of Lazarus Bible Story Study Guide
The exact location of Emmaus is disputed. The idea of a suffering Messiah is not found in the Old Testament or in other Jewish literature prior to the New Testament period, although the idea is hinted at in Mk — See notes on Mt and — Earlier, Jesus assures her that if she believes, she will see the glory of God verse By calling this to her attention once again, Jesus is seeking to stretch her faith. Martha relents, and the stone is removed. Our Lord then lifts His eyes to heaven and begins to pray to His heavenly Father.
This is one of the few times in the Gospels that a public prayer of our Lord is recorded. Earlier He warned about the misuse of public prayers, which are only for show Matthew Martha has just testified that she believes whatever Jesus asks of the Father, He will give to Him It is a public testimony to the fact that the Father hears the Son, demonstrating His power and glory through Him. Jesus does not pray this prayer for His own benefit, but for the benefit of the crowd looking on His prayer does not specifically petition the Father to raise Lazarus.
Jesus does thank His Father because He hears His prayers. In shouting with a loud voice, Jesus reveals His confidence that the Father will hear Him, and that Lazarus will rise from the dead. He does not mumble these words under His breath, so that no one will hear what He is saying. It is a clear case of cause and effect. Lazarus emerges, still wrapped up in his burial attire.
Scripture Speaks: The Stone Was Rolled Away
Some think his coming forth, bound with these restrictive wrappings, is a miracle in itself. Jesus instructs those standing nearby to release Lazarus from his bindings, and so they do. The witnesses to this resurrection are very much involved in the outworking of the miracle. They see and hear Jesus calling Lazarus out of his tomb.
They help roll the stone away from the tomb, and they remove the cloth that has been wrapped around the body of Lazarus.
I am inclined to wonder how some of the more scrupulous Jews dealt with this. The Old Testament clearly forbids touching a dead body.
When they touch the body of Lazarus, who used to be dead, are they still defiling themselves? Here is a legal question the Jews have not dealt with before.
You are here
As usual, those who witness this amazing sign reach two dramatically different conclusions. Many find the evidence compelling, believing in Jesus as the promised Messiah; but some do not. In chapter 11, no one disputes that it is indeed Lazarus who has been raised from the dead.
No one even attempts to challenge the claim of those present that he has really died and been dead for four days, after which he is raised. No one challenges the fact that it is Jesus who raises him. The facts are clear and unquestioned; the conclusions reached are dramatically different. Those who refuse to believe in Jesus do not remain silent or passive.
The Resurrection of Christ: the basis of our Faith (cont)
While the believers go about proclaiming this great miracle see , ; , attracting others to Christ, the unbelievers go their way and tell the Pharisees what has happened. For this man is performing many miraculous signs. The Pharisees are informed about the miracle at Bethany and quickly call for a meeting of the Sanhedrin. Up to this point, they have not been able to come to a united stand see , but all that ends here.
Up till now, they have been eager to arrest and kill Jesus, but have been unable to do so see ; , 30; , 59; , They now resolve to change that, and very soon. The words that they speak are incredible, almost beyond belief. They express no doubt about the power of our Lord, or the legitimacy of the signs He has performed. They do not deny that the evidence in support of His claims is piling up. In fact, they virtually admit that it is all true.
But in spite of all this evidence, they refuse to bow the knee to Jesus as the Son of God. They refuse to repent of their sins and seek His forgiveness and salvation. They refuse to give up their positions and power. They acknowledge that if Jesus is not put to death, the entire nation will believe in Him. This may be hyperbole, but they know they are rapidly losing ground.
They must act decisively, and they must act soon. If not, they can kiss life as they have known it goodbye. In but a few years, Rome will march on this nation, capture Jerusalem, destroy the temple, and kill countless Jews. And all this is because Israel rejects her Messiah. Caiaphas is the High Priest this year, and as the High Priest, he now lays out the course of action which seems necessary: Jesus must die.
Far better to sacrifice one person than the entire nation, he reasons. Caiaphas is speaking for God in spite of his unbelief and rejection of Jesus. Note the arrogance of this man, even as he speaks prophetically. Ask Balaam or his beast of burden—see Numbers 22— And so it is that from this day forward, this very diverse group of Jews is united in its one common purpose of killing Jesus.
These words of the High Priest and the decision of the Sanhedrin are amazing. They are almost beyond belief.
The best way to be rid of one who can raise the dead is to put Him to death? Hmmm … Am I missing something? Are they missing something? Thus Jesus no longer walked about publicly among the Jewish people of Jerusalem, but went away from there to the region near the desert, to a town called Ephraim, and stayed there with his disciples. He could not die beforehand. And so, having succeeded at prompting the opposition to unify in their rejection of Him, and having crystallized their plans to bring about His death, Jesus retreats from Judea for a time, until He comes to Jerusalem for the final time, as recorded in chapter Jesus goes into seclusion far from Jerusalem.
He returns to the desert, to a town called Ephraim, and there He remains with His disciples. Come and see the place where he lay.
He has risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid him. There you will see him. There you will see him, just as he told you. They said nothing to anyone, because they were afraid. They came to him, clasped his feet and worshiped him. Go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee; there they will see me. As she wept, she bent over to look into the tomb 12 and saw two angels in white, seated where Jesus' body had been, one at the head and the other at the foot.
Who is it you are looking for?